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What is Endoscopy?
An examination of body cavities by a fibreoptic telescope. It can
permit photography and biopsy of the cavities examined.
What is Colonoscopy?
A colonoscopy is a procedure which to visually inspect the inside
of the bowel by the insertion of a video flexible telescope.
What is Sigmoidoscopy?
Examination of the rectum and sigmoid colon using a sigmoidoscope.
This is a narrow lighted tube. It is inserted gently through the
anus, and gives a view of the lining of the bowel.
What is a Faecal Occult Blood Test - FOBT?
A test for blood in bowel motions.
What is Gastroscopy?
A gastroscopy is the passage of a small flexible lighted telescope
through the mouth into the stomach and allows your doctor to visually
examine the lining of the oesophagus (gullet), stomach and duodenum
What is the Colon?
The part of the large bowel between the end of the small intestine
(the ileum, part of the small bowel) and the rectum. It is about
1.5 metres long.
What is the Duodenum?
The first 30em of the small bowel. The stomach empties into the
What is the Ileum?
The lower half of the small bowel, which joins up with the colon.
What is the Rectum?
The last 12 -15em of the large bowel, which opens to the outside
at the anus. The faeces collect in the rectum before they are passed
as a bowel motion.
What is the Anus?
The opening of the bowel through which bowel motions are passed.
What does Malignant mean?
What does Benign mean?
What is a Polyp?
An overgrowth of tissue projecting into the bowel cavity which may
be benign or malignant.
What is a Adenoma?
A benign tumour which may become malignant if not treated.
What is Gastritis?
Inflammation of the stomach, especially the mucous membrane lining.
What is a Hiatus Hernia?
A protrusion of a portion of the stomach upward through the diaphragm.
The condition occurs in about 40% of the population and most people
display few if any symptoms. The major symptom is reflux.
What is Oesophageal Reflux?
The back flow of acid contents of the stomach into the oesophagus.
What is Barrett's Oesophagus?
A disorder of the lower oesophagus marked by benign ulcer-like lesions
in the lining of the oesophagus.
What is a Redundant colon?
Elongated colon with reduced muscular tone.
What is Irritable Bowel Syndrome?
Abnormally increased motility of the small and large intestines,
generally associated with stress proking pain and
What is Colitis?
Inflammation of the large bowel.
What are Haemorrhoids?
Varicose veins around the anus.